The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological
Trust Historic Environment Record
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Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 01698g Trust : Glamorgan Gwent Community : Llangattock-vibon-avel Unitary authority : Monmouthshire NGR : SO4570020265 Site Type (preferred type first) : Medieval Castle Status : listed building II*, Scheduled Monument
Summary : The castle's walls survive in varying degrees of disrepair, though the main gate in the centre of the N side has been almost entirely destroyed. The wet moat can be traced as a hollow marking on the S and W sides of the castle.
Description : The E curtain wall remains to wall wack and parapet level. The other walls remains in varying degrees; and of the S only the base of the parapet remains. Of the towers at the 4 wall corners all except the NW remain, the W curtain wall is strengthened by a central tower. The site of the wet moat can be traced by a hollow marking on the S and W sides of the castle. The main gate in the centre of the N side has been almost entirely destroyed. The scheduled area was extended to include a grassed area immediately outside the walls of Skenfrith Castle, the S curtain wall and S tower forming the N boundary of the site. The area presumably overlies the castle ditch, known from excavations on the other sides of the castle.
Phillips notes that key features of Skenfrith Castle, situated at the bottom of a narrow hill surrounded valley, are a masonry construction built on level ground with a surrounding defensive ditch, four curtain walls with corner towers, an internal round keep and extant footings of internal stone buildings. Phillips interprets the site as a late tower buttress/masonry castle situated on natural ground previously thought to be a motte. Remains date to between 1219 and 1232 when it was under the ownership of Hubert de Burgh (Phillips 2004).
During December 2003, Marches Archaeology undertook a trial trench evaluation at The Old Shop, Skenfrith, Monmouthshire (E004674), on behalf of RRA Architects, in order to inform development proposals for the site comprising an extension to the existing house on the site. A possible boundary ditch connected with Skenfrith Castle that was backfilled in the 14th century, and a 14th century or later floor surface with a series of pits excavated through it were recorded on the site (Wainwright & Fielding 2003).
Glamorgan Gwent Archaeological Trust , 1989 , Site Visit Record
Phillips, N. , 2004 , Thesis: Earthwork Castles of Gwent and Ergyng AD 1050 Ã¢â‚¬â€œ 1250
The Handley Partnership , HAAbase built heritage assessment system: Buildings at Risk database
Wainwright, J. & Fielding, S. , 2003 , The Old Shop, Skenfrith, Monmouthshire: A report on an archaeological evaluation and building recording
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SKENFRITH CASTLE ARCHAEOLOGICAL WATCHING-BRIEF PROJECT