The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological
Trust Historic Environment Record
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MELIN COURT IRON WORKS
Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 01086w Trust : Glamorgan Gwent Community : Resolven Unitary authority : Neath Port Talbot NGR : SN825018 Site Type (preferred type first) : Post-Medieval Iron works Status : Scheduled Monument
Summary : Melincwrt ironworks operated between 1708-1808, converted to coke as fuel in the 1790s. The standing remains include those of the furnace and foundry/finery buildings.
Description : The Melincwrt Ironworks is a nationally important ironworks of early 18th century with good survival of both standing structures and buried remains; these remains appear to extend north beyond the area currently protected through legislation (ie beyond the SAM area). The identified features of the Melincwrt Ironworks, which operated between 1708 and 1808, include the considerable and impressive remains of furnace and foundry/finery buildings associated with the Melin Court Furnace. The charcoal furnace of 1708 appears to have been converted to coke during the 1790s. A plan of 1793 details the layout of the site, which at the time was laid out on three levels and included in addition to the main furnace and small air furnace, a waterwheel for working the bellows, storehouses, calcining kilns, a counting house, a smiths shop and dwelling house and an associated watercourse system, including reservoirs and underground leats. Power for the blast was provided by a single waterwheel. Contemporary prints by Wood and Horner depict the launder, which conveyed water to the waterwheel and detail changes to the water resource disposition at the site, which might be indicative of conversion to coke as a fuel. The site, located on a precipitous site above Melin Court Brook, appears to have been abandoned after closure in 1808; the site now lies in an area of woodland (Roberts 2005).