The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record

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Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 00807w
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Community : Margam
Unitary authority : Neath Port Talbot
NGR : SS81618283
Site Type (preferred type first) : Early Medieval Cross
Status : Scheduled Monument

Summary :
Upper part of a late parallel cartwheel cross, similar to one now in Ewenny Priory, was found in the Afon Cynffig river. The stone is now fixed in a wall. It possibly dates to the 10th or 11th century.

Description :
Upper part of a late parallel cartwheel cross, similar to one now in Ewenny Priory. It is recorded as found in the Afon Cynffig river adjoining the farm during works in 1972, weathered and water-worn. The stone is now fixed in a wall. [Conflicting NGRs regarding where it was found and where now positioned - NGR here is for the Scheduled part of a wall to the east of the farmhouse.] A second fragment, which may have been the lower part/shaft was recorded sited 150m to the east at SS 8170 8286. This can no longer be found. The major fragment may be ascribed to the 10th or 11th century. Other worked stones in the area, some of which are built into the same wall as the cross, are thought to have originated from a documented medieval chapel site to the east (PRN 5101w), as part of St Michael's grange which belonged to Margam Abbey (791w), and fragments of its window tracery are thought to have been reused in a rockery.
Evans 2003: GGAT 73 Early-Medieval Ecclesiastical Sites Project database

Sources :
Evans, E M , 2004 , Early Medieval Ecclesiastical sites in Southeast Wales: Rapid field survey of selected sites
Redknap, M and Lewis, J M , 2007 , A corpus of Early medieval inscribed stones and stone sculpture in Wales. vol 1: South-east Wales and the English border
Evans EM, 2003-04, GGAT 73 Early Medieval Ecclesiastical Sites Project
02/Desc Text/Cadw/ Full Management Report/2006/ Copy in further information file

Events :
E001386 : Early medieval ecclesiastical sites in Southeast Wales desk based assessment (year : 2004)
E001429 : Field visit to Llanmihangel Farm (year : 2004)

Related PRNs : 93226, 5101w, 791w, G94

Compiled date : 12-03-2004

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