The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological
Historic Environment Record
following information has been provided under the terms and conditions
of access as detailed on GGAT’s website www.ggat.org.uk.
Copyright is reserved on all data supplied by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust.
All output resulting from the use of the data must acknowledge the source
from information held by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust copyright.
data below is intended to be used for information and research only and
is not for use as part of a commercial project. If you wish to use
information derived from material held by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust
for publication in printed or multimedia form or to compile resources for
commercial use, prior permission must be obtained in writing. For further
information or to arrange a visit to the Trust please send an enquiry form
PEN Y CASTELLPrimary Reference Number (PRN) : 00678w
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Community : Cwmavon
Unitary authority : Neath Port Talbot
NGR : SS78859174
Site Type (preferred type first) : Iron Age Hillfort
Status : Scheduled Monument
Pen y Castell, Cwmavon, is an oval enclosure occupying the crest of an isolated knoll, the entrance being on the E . It measures 65m by 30m (0.2ha), with a bank. Outside the bank is a berm 6-7m wide, followed by a second rampart. There is trace of stones.
Pen y Castell, Cwmavon, is an oval enclosure occupying the summit of a small steep-sided hill at 150m above OD. The camp occupies the crest of an isolated knoll, the entrance being on the east. It measures 65m long from E to W by 30m wide enclosing 0.2ha, and is defended by a bank following the contours, 0.3m high internally but with an outer scarp nearly 3m high. The east slope should be preserved to a lower point than the others, since the trackway can be traced upon it. The earthwork is heavily covered with fern and no trace was found of internal habitations. Outside the bank is a berm 6-7m wide, followed by a second rampart. This is missing on the NE. It is best preserved across the W end where it is 6m wide and nearly a meter high ; along the S side it forms a scarp fading into the natural slope (RCAHM 1976; AM7). There are traces of stone about the banks, but no obvious structural remains. Rather lower down the hill there are traces of a possible third bank, a scarp rather like the other two. This is best seen on the south east (on the north east it follows a field boundary and on the NW it is obscured by a quarry). It is possible that this is a later field boundary (CADW 1986).
PEN Y CASTELL, CWMAVON, is an oval enclosure occupying the summit of a small steep-sided hill at 150m above OD. It measures 65m long from E to W by 30m wide enclosing 0.2ha, and is defended by a bank following the contours, 0.3m high internally but with an outer scarp nearly 3m high. At the E end is a simple entrance 4.5m wide. Outside the bank is a berm 6-7m wide, followed by a second rampart. This is missing on the NE and along the E half of the N side; along the W half of the N side it is visible as a bank 3m wide and 0.6m high. It is best preserved across the W end where it is 6m wide and nearly a metre high; along the S side it forms a scarp fading into the natural slope. The entrance is again on the E and is 14m wide; outside it are traces of an approach road winding up the hill. (Wiggins and Evans 2005)
Wiggins, H and Evans, E , 2005 , Prehistoric defended enclosures in Glamorgan with recommendations for fieldwork
01/Desc Text/Cadw/ Full Management Report/2005/ Copy in further information file
RCAHMW, 1976, An Inventory of The Ancient Monuments In Glamorgan, I, ii, p48 (num.679)
Helen BURNHAM, CADW, 1986,Scheduled Welsh Historic Monuments, visit text (sam GM098, last visited in 2006)
AM7, Visit Text
E001455 : Prehistoric defended enclosures in Glamorgan (year : 2005)
Related PRNs : 307232
Compiled date :
November 19, 2017, 5:58 am
- HTML file produced from GGAT HER Charitable Trust Ltd. Heathfield House,
Heathfield, Swansea SA1 Tel. 01792 655208; Fax 01792 474469 website: www.ggat.org.uk
email: firstname.lastname@example.org Registered Charity no. 505609
supplied by in partnership with Local Authorities, Cadw and the partners
of ENDEX © GGAT HER Charitable Trust, 2017 (and in part © Crown,