The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record
 

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COITY BURIAL CHAMBER (COEDPARCGARW)

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 00374m
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Community : Coity Higher
Unitary authority : Bridgend
NGR : SS92698193
Site Type (preferred type first) : Neolithic Chambered tomb
Status : Scheduled Monument

Summary :
Badly ruined and very overgrown, at the foot of an E-facing hillslope; a track leads round the N and W sides above the monument, leaving it in a hollow in which a thicket has been allowed to grow up at the edge of pasture; the field wall mentioned in ear

Description :
Badly ruined and very overgrown, at the foot of an E-facing hillslope; a track leads round the N and W sides above the monument, leaving it in a hollow in which a thicket has been allowed to grow up at the edge of pasture; the field wall mentioned in earlier accounts could not be made out. Four large slabs of conglomerate are visible, individually oriented E-W, but forming a rough line N-S, though the two northern slabs are offset to the E in relation to the southern two slabs. They measure respectively (from the S) 2.0x1.5m; 1.9x1.2m; only partly visible; 2.0x1.0m. The slabs protrude out of the hillside, on a shallower angle than the slope of the hill, leaving the E edge, of the southern slabs especially, forming a step with the ground, showing that they are c 0.2m thick. A smaller rectangular block of stone can be seen to the S of the E end of the southernmost slab; this is aligned N-S and measures 0.9x0.5m. Other stone can be felt by proving but not seen. There is no sign of any mound. There has been deterioration in this monument from when it was first described in 1968, when it was described by RCAHMW as two stones partly supporting a capstone with a third fallen slab on the same alignment and a fourth still partly supporting what was possibly a detached portion of the capstone, associated with the possible remains of a mound. The site is in the bottom of a bowl with no long-distance views. Dimensions: 6.7m (N-S) x 4.5m, c 0.3m high
1968/1976) On lower S slope of Cefn Hirgoed; the ground locally falls fairly steeply to the E near the head of a tributary stream of Afon Ewenni. Badly damaged and overgrown, with a field wall and lane encroaching on its N side.
Two leaning slabs 0.7m long E-W and about 0.8m high still partly support a capstone 2.2m by 1.8m by 0.4m thick. A third, similar stone has fallen to the N from the same alignment, whilst a fourth stands adjacent on the E, aligned N-S beneath what may be a detached portion of the capstone; two other fragments may also be from the capstone, or from uprooted supporters. The chamber stands 25m from the W end of an apparent mound about 36m long overall by 10m wide, visible only on the S side of the wall, but other slight undulations nearby suggest that the mound may be basically natural. (Source 01)
(1984) Consists of a much ruined chamber, the original character of which is completely uncertain. It is possible that this is a long cain, for extending from the stones westward are suggestions of a mound in the appropriate relationship. The mound is 36.0m long and 10.0m wide, but the general irregularity of the surrounding area suggests that it may be natural in origin. (Source 08)
(1985) The burial chamber is situated on the edge of a grass field, on the south side of the boundary hedge/wall. The ground slopes away in front of it to the south-east. It consists of a large, roughly rectangular slab, 2x1.8m and 0.3m thick, resting on the ground at its west end, and on large stones in the middle, so that its east end is 1.5m above ground. The stone is very pitted, with moss and grass growing on it. Under this slab are some large stones of similar thickness, some flat, some leaning or upright. Just to the east of the large slab, against the field boundary are three more large stones, of similar thickness, two upright, 0.6m and 04m high, and one leaning on them 1.0x0.5m. Protruding from the ground to the south of these are four stones of which very little is showing. There are further stones in the field boundary wall which may have been part of the burial chamber. (Source 07)
Consists of a much-ruined chamber, original character of which is completely uncertain. It is possible that this is yet another long cairn, for extending from the stones westward are suggestions of a mound in the appropriate relationship. The mound is 36.0m long and 10.0m wide, but the general irregularity of the surrounding area suggests that it may be natural in origin.
The structure stands in enclosed pasture, and is badly damaged and overgrown, with a field wall and lane encroaching on its N side. (?Date; ?source)
GGAT 72 Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Sites Project

Sources :
PM Desc Text/Evans EM/2000/GGAT 72 Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Sites Project
02/MM Record Card/OS//1967/SS 98 SW 14/;
01/PM List/RCHM//1976/Glam Invent/Vol.1 No.39;
07/MM Desc Text/Cadw/Whittle E/1985//
03/PM Map/OS//S.Wales Megaliths//No.106;
06/MM Record Card//1976/SS 98 SW 14/;
04/PM Desc Text//Evans C.J.O/1944/Glam Hist & Topography/p.325;
05/PM Desc Text//Daniel G.E/1950/Prehist Chambered Tombs/p.210;
08/PM Desc Text/1984/GCH/Grimes/WF/The Neolithic period/p147
09.Evans EM (2002), GGAT A775 Coity Link Road, Bridgend: Archaeological Desk Based Assessment

Events :

Related PRNs : 94547

Compiled date : 01-02-1977


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