The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record
 

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Cowbridge Town Wall

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 00248s
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Community : Cowbridge With Llanblethian
Unitary authority : Vale of Glamorgan
NGR : SS99507442
Site Type (preferred type first) : Medieval Town defences
Status : listed building II*

Summary :
The town walls were apparently 7.7m high, having a batter outside and a walk inside the battlements 4.3m wide.

Description :
Please note that some of the sources contain information that, as yet, has not been included in this description field. This will be updated in due course.
The town walls were apparently 7.7m high, having a batter outside and a walk inside the battlements 4.3m wide.
The proposed outline for the town wall outlines a pentagonal shape measuring approximately 335m east-west by 217m north-south (at its widest central point). There was four gates, the East and West gate were located on High St and the South gate on the south-west part of the wall. Only the South gate survives with part of the south west section that was rebuilt on its foundations is still standing. The West gate was demolished in 1754 and the East gate in 1771, the North gate is suggested to have been the first to be abandoned. Also the town ditch that fronted the wall is no longer visible.
Evidence to suggest the line of the wall and ditch was revealed during excavations in 1981-2



Sources :
Robic, J-Y , 2011 , Cowbridge, Town Walls, South-west Tower , Archaeology in Wales : 50 : 111-12
Spurgeon, C.J , 2001 , The Medieval Town Defences of Glamorgan , Studia Celtica : 35 : 161-212
10/Desc Text/Paul. W. Huckfield, GGAT/2006/Cowbridge Town Walls: Monitoring Report/Copy in further information file.
02/PH Note//Harris Rev W/1773/Archaeol Cambrensis/Vol2 p14;
01/MM Record Card/OS//1957/SS 97 SE 6/;
06/MM Photo/GGAT/Lewis W/1980//;
07/MM Record Card//1980/SS 97 SE 6.5/;
08/PM Desc Text//GGAT/1978/Morgannwg/22 p91-2;
04/PM Desc Text///1955/Cowbridge RD Official Guide/p4;
05/MM Record Card/OS//1957/SS 97 SE 6.5/;
09/PM Desc Text//Evans WF/1914/Archaeol Cambrensis/Vol14 p304
03/PM Desc Text//Hopkin-James/L/1922/Old Cowbridge/p1-24;

Events :
E001636 : 'Physic Garden' Church Street, Cowbridge WB (year : 2005)
E003488 : Watching Brief of South-west Tower, Town Walls, Cowbridge (year : 2010)
E003564 : South-West tower, cowbridge (year : 2010)
E003754 : Former Oxfam shop, Bear lane, Cowbridge (year : 2011-2012)
E002953 : The Town walls, Cowbridge. DBA (year : 1999)
E002953 : The Town walls, Cowbridge. DBA (year : 1999)
E005216 : LA Landscaping and Grammar School, Church Street, Cowbridge (year : 2005)

Related PRNs :

Compiled date : 01-10-1977


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