The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record
 

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ST ROQUE'S CHAPEL AT MERTHYR MAWR

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 00248m
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Community : Merthyr Mawr
Unitary authority : Bridgend
NGR : SS8886878084
Site Type (preferred type first) : Medieval Chapel
Status : Scheduled Monument , listed building II

Summary :
St Roque's chapel stands within the grounds of Merthyr Mawr House, on top of a small hill (Chapel Hill), within an oval enclosure interpreted as being an IA hillfort (PRN 275m). The chapel lies on the N side of the earthwork in an ornamental enclosure.

Description :
St Roque's chapel stands within the grounds of Merthyr Mawr House, on top of a small hill (Chapel Hill), within an oval enclosure interpreted as being an IA hillfort (PRN 275m). This has a single earth bank with a gap, probably the entrance, on the W side; Grimes noted a ditch to the SW (OS card SS 87 NE 51), but none was visible when the RCHMW surveyed the site in 1966, though they noted traces of a counterscarp bank (RCAHMW 1976b, no.630). The chapel itself lies within a curvilinear enclosure of 'ornamental walling and fencing' (OS card SS 87 NE 51) set at the N side of the earthwork enclosure. The chapel is a single celled E-W building 8x6m, with an arched door towards the W end of the S wall, a small window towards the E end of the same wall, and a larger window with a stone mullion in the middle of the E wall; W bellcote; two ECMs (PRNs 245m =1336m; 272m = 1335m) situated one either side of the door outside the building (Cadw Field Monument warden report, 1986), also a later cross-base (PRN 251m); none of these is in its original location.
Evans 2003: GGAT 73 Early-Medieval Ecclesiastical Sites Project database

Sources :
01/MM Record Card/OS//1957/SS 87 NE 19/;
02/PM Map//Rees W/1932/S.Wales & Border in 14th C/SE Sheet;
03/PM Desc Text///1908/Trans Cardiff Natur Soc/Vol.41 p.30;
04/PH Desc Text//Lewis T/1849/Topogrphical Dictionary of Wales/p208;
09/MM Desc Text/Cadw/Whittle E/20.02.1986 AM7/SS 87 NE/
08/MM Record Card/OS//1982/SS 87 NE 19/;
05/MM Photo/GGAT/Lewis W/1981//;
06/PM Mention//RCHM//1982/Glam Invent Vol.3 Pt.2 p.367;
07/MM Photo/GGAT/Long A/05.07.84//;
Evans EM, 2003-04, GGAT 73 Early Medieval Ecclesiastical Sites Project

Events :
E001386 : Early medieval ecclesiastical sites in Southeast Wales desk based assessment (year : 2004)
E002280 : Merthyr Mawr Warren WB (year : 1996)

Related PRNs : 1335m, 1336m

Compiled date : 12-03-2004


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