The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological
Trust Historic Environment Record
following information has been provided under the terms and conditions
of access as detailed on GGAT’s website www.ggat.org.uk.
Copyright is reserved on all data supplied by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust.
All output resulting from the use of the data must acknowledge the source
from information held by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust copyright.
data below is intended to be used for information and research only and
is not for use as part of a commercial project. If you wish to use
information derived from material held by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust
for publication in printed or multimedia form or to compile resources for
commercial use, prior permission must be obtained in writing. For further
information or to arrange a visit to the Trust please send an enquiry form
Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 00093s Trust : Glamorgan Gwent Community : Caerau Unitary authority : Cardiff NGR : ST13357500 Site Type (preferred type first) : Iron Age Hillfort Status : Scheduled Monument
Summary : The fort occupies the W tip of a fairly extensive plateau rising to about 75m OD. The old parish church stands within it.
Description : Large triangular multivallate fort (5.1 ha) occupying W tip of fairly extensive plateau; old parish church and a ringwork both stand within hillfort. Steep N and S slopes both fortified by 3 massive ramparts with accompanying ditches. On E side appear to have been reduced to 2 ramparts in N half and 1 in S half. Seem to have been 2 entrances, one near middle E side and one a little w of S corner; at E entrance ramparts incurved; S entrance flanked by continuation of E rampart of fort. IA and Roman pottery came from interior
Caerau, Ely. The fort occupies the W tip of plateau, with an old parish church within the enclosure which is roughly triangular, 400m E-W and 250m across the base. the enclosed area of 5.1ha has an oval ringwork 35m by 20m in the NE corner, almost certainly a medieval castle site. The steep N and S slopes have been fortified with three massive ramparts, with accompanying ditches now silted up. On the N half of the E side, there are only two ramparts which have suffered more erosion than the others. On the S half of the E side (where the ground connects with the rest of the plateau) the defences are replaced by a single huge bank and ditch, and a counterscarp bank on its S end. Two entrances to the enclosure, one in the middle of the E side and one W of the S corner, both of which seem to have been originally natural hollows. On the E entrance the ramparts curve round to command the approach, but there is no corresponding inturn at the S entrance. An apex at the W does not appear to be an entrance, but formed by erosion from a spring. The interior, now pasture, was cultivated in the past and is traversed by two old field boundaries. The curvilinear bank following the N side of the fort before turning S and crossing it is probably a result of cultivation. Both Roman and Iron Age pottery has been found within the enclosure. Hollow trails later than the defences lead downhill from the fort on the N. On the E just S of the entrance there is a short length of bank with a ditch on the uphill side and a terrace below it. Their function and date are uncertain but they may have formed part of the original entrance approach. (Wiggins and Evans 2005)
Brennan, N. , 2013 , Caerau, Cardiff: Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
Wiggins, H and Evans, E , 2005 , Prehistoric defended enclosures in Glamorgan with recommendations for fieldwork
01/MM Record Card/OS//1961/ST 17 NW 17/;
02/PM List/RCAHM//1976/Glam Invent/No673;
05/PM Desc Text///1965/Archaeol in Wales/5 No33;
03/PM Desc Text//Savory/1949/Bull Board Celtic Stud/Vol13 Pt3 p154;
09/PM Desc Text//Jarvis PH//Archaeol in Wales/No5 p11;
04/PM Desc Text//Morgan Col W/1913/Archaeol Cambrensis/p103;
06/MM Air Photo/Westair//1979/20292/;
08/MM Photo/GGAT/Lewis W/1979-80//;
10/PM Desc Text//S Glam County Council/1974-6/Co Treasures Survey/
07/MM Record Card/OS//1978/ST 17 NW 17/;