Gwynedd Archaeological Trust
Regional Historic Environment Record

Monastery, Remains of, Puffin Island

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 5017
Trust : Gwynedd
Community : Llangoed
Unitary authority : Ynys Mon
NGR : SH6517382160
Site Type (preferred type first) : Early Medieval MONASTERY
Status : Scheduled Monument , Listed Building I

Description :
GAT confirmed in general the RCAHM plan (Anglesey p.141-4), but found that the tower had deteriorated since the 1930s. The E inner enclosure wall was substantial in build, but little remains of the outer enclosure wall.

Four major phases of construction can be identified, the tower was built against on existing 'cella memoriae' and contained an arch in its E and W sides at ground level and a single window higher up in the S side.

After the removal of the 'cella memoriae', a large chancel was built against the E side of the tower and a nave against the W, the walls of both these were bonded to the tower in a way suggesting that no provision had been made for them originally.

The bottom of the S wall, with window still exists and has been incorporated into a later building. About this stage, a round headed arch was inserted into the S side of the tower for access to a S transept. In more recent centuries, a cottage and yard have been appended to the S side of the tower, using the same bonding technique.

Details of the phasing of the inner and outer enclosures could not be confirmed, however the massive nature of the W entrance suggests that it might be connected with a phase of occupation earlier than the one represented by the enclosure wall. <1>

The monastic site on Puffin Island was first mentioned by Giraldus Cambrensis in 1188. The church tower, the principal remaining structure, is probably of mid 12th century date. (Edwards 1984)

Sources :
, 2009 , The Archaeology of the Early Medieval Celtic Churches
Davidson, A. , 2004 , Deserted Ecclesiastical Sites in North-West Wales: A Threat Related Archaeological Assessment ( © GAT)
Davidson, A., Hopewell, D., Kenney, J. & Longley, D. , 2002 , Early Medieval Burial and Ecclesiastical Sites 2001-2002 ( © GAT)
Edwards, N. , 1984 , Ynys Seiriol , Archaeology in Wales : Vol. 24 : pp.60-61
The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales , 1937 , An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Anglesey
Waddington, K. , 2010 , Early Celtic Societies in North Wales
Waddington, K. , 2013 , The Settlements of Northwest Wales: From the Late Bronze Age to the Early Medieval Period
Thompson, D. , 1986 , Archaeology in Wales , <1>
Hughes, H. , 1901 , Archaeologia Cambrensis , <2>
Davies, W. , 1982 , Wales in the Early Middle Ages , <8>
Johns, C. N. , 1960 , The Transactions of the Caernarvonshire Historical Society , <9>
Bulmer-Thomas, I. , 1985 , Transactions of the Ancient Monument Society , <10>

Events :
43214 : Ynys Seiriol (year : 1986)
43215 : Ynys Seiriol (year : 1896)
44557 : Early Celtic Societies in North Wales (year : 2010)
40568 : Early Medieval Burial and Ecclesiastical Sites 2001-2002 (year : 2002)
40569 : Deserted Ecclesiastical Sites in North-west Wales: a Threat-related Archaeological Assessment (year : 2004)

Related PRNs : 527

Compiled date : 10-02-1988

The above data are supplied by GAT in partnership with its Local Authorities (Anglesey, Conwy and Gwynedd County Councils, and Snowdonia National Park Authority), © GAT 2019 (and in part © Crown, 2019 - as indicated)
This information is supplied for the purposes of personal interest only and may not be used as part of a commercial project.

March 24, 2019, 5:07 pm - HTML file produced from Gwynedd Archaeological Trust Regional HER
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