Gwynedd Archaeological Trust
Regional Historic Environment Record

Capel Garmon Burial Chamber, Bro Garmon

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 4650
Trust : Gwynedd
Community : Bro Garmon
Unitary authority : Conwy
NGR : SH81795431
Site Type (preferred type first) : Neolithic CHAMBERED TOMB
Status : Scheduled Monument , Cared for by the State

Summary :
Excavated in 1925 by W.J.Hemp, Capel Garmon burial chamber is a well-preserved example of the Cotswold-Severn group of tombs, unusual in north Wales but common in southern Powys. It consists of two circular burial chambers of which only one capstone survives, built in a post-and-panel technique characteristic of the Cotswold area. A false portal at the front of the monument may have provided a backdrop to ceremonies carried out in the forecourt area. The chambers are entered from a passage opening onto the south side.

The tomb was used as a stable during the 19th century and, as a result, not many bones were found during the excavation. Sherds of late Neolithic (Beaker) pottery indicate, however, that the tomb remained in use into the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC.

Description :
As described in MOW pamphlet. Re-surveyed at 1:2500. <1>

Well illustrated description of the site and excavation. <3>

Excavation and conservation at Capel Garmon chambered tomb 1989, M. J. Yates and M. Jones. <6>

Old HER refers to part excavation by J. Evans in 1853. No further information provided (reference may be taken from Funerary and Ritual Monuments project report.) <9>

As previously described, structurally. Set on a low, west-facing slope but with the 'blind' entrance facing to the east, into the slope with only very local view. The situation generally is very enclosed with the only prospect over the rocky marshy basin to the west. The edge of the basin and rocky knolls within the basin provide better drained areas where settlement and agriculture could have been. The western orientation also points distantly directly towards Moel Siabod a dramatic and isolated peak from this aspect. (Smith, 2002)

Sources :
Smith, G. , 2002 , Survey of Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Monuments in Wales: West Conwy and North Gwynedd ( © GAT)
Smith, G., and Steele, N. , 2005 , Pan-Wales Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Sites Survey: Trial Data Synthesis ( © GAT)
Ordnance Survey , 1963 , SH85SW 3 , <1>
Hemp, W. J. , 1927 , Archaeologia Cambrensis , <3>
Davies, E. , 1929 , Prehistoric & Roman Remains of Denbighshire , <2>
Powell, T. G. E. , 1969 , Megalithic Enquiries in the West of Britain , <4>
Jones, M. & Yates, M. , 1991 , Archaeology in Wales , <6>
Steele, N. , 2009 , PRN 4650 , <9>
Darvill, T. , 1987 , Prehistoric Britain , <10>

Events :
43103 : Excavation & Conservation at Capel Garmon Chambered Tomb, Betws Y Coed, Gwynedd, 1989 (year : 1989)
43104 : The Capel Garmon Chambered Long Cairn (year : 1924)
40521 : Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Monuments: West Conwy/North Gwynedd (year : 2002)
40527 : Pan-wales Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Sites Survey: Trial Data Synthesis (year : 2005)

Related PRNs : 94722

Compiled date : 01-12-1987

The above data are supplied by GAT in partnership with its Local Authorities (Anglesey, Conwy and Gwynedd County Councils, and Snowdonia National Park Authority), © GAT 2019 (and in part © Crown, 2019 - as indicated)
This information is supplied for the purposes of personal interest only and may not be used as part of a commercial project.

February 17, 2019, 11:46 am - HTML file produced from Gwynedd Archaeological Trust Regional HER
Gwynedd Archaeological Trust, Craig Beuno, Garth Road, Bangor, Gwynedd.  LL57 2RT
tel (01248) 352535,  fax (01248) 370925, email, web