Gwynedd Archaeological Trust
Regional Historic Environment Record

Ty Newydd Burial Chamber, Llanfaelog

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 3030
Trust : Gwynedd
Community : Llanfaelog
Unitary authority : Ynys Mon
NGR : SH34427386
Site Type (preferred type first) : Neolithic CHAMBERED TOMB
Status : Scheduled Monument , Cared for by the State

Description :
Ty Newydd burial chamber comprising a cracked capstone 12 3/4ft by 5 1/4ft, resting on three uprights, one of which is broken. A second and larger chamber forming part of the monument was destroyed. There is no visible evidence of the original mound.

The chamber was excavated in 1935. A two inch thick deposit of black earth, containing much charcoal, 110 pieces of broken white quartz, 5 flint flakes, and part of a barbed and tanged arrowhead badly burnt, a chip from a polished flint axe and fragments of pottery, almost certainly Beaker, were found. Part of the dry stone walling of chamber and passage were also found in position and the site of a fire at the entrance of the chamber. Most of the charcoal fragments were of hazel wood. (RCAHMW, 1937)

Burial chamber is as described by the Royal Commission. <2>

Ty Newydd. Apparently a Neolithic passage grave re-used in the Beaker period. <3>

The Beaker - of the 'all over cord group' - is in the National Museum of Wales. <4>

Field in which monument stands regularly ploughed leaving chamber on a slightly raised platform - with a bed of concrete covering much of it. Early references to the site may indicate the previous existence of a second chamber close by. <6> <7>

There are well defined cup marks on the remaining portion of the capstone. (Crew, 1981)

As previously described. Of the well defined cupmarks only 2 are fairly certainly man-made the rest seem to be natural solution holes. The monument lies on a gentle rise but not actually on its summit and it is not a real ridge as Lynch suggests, i.e. it is not a topographically defined position. The layout of the 3 remaining uprights suggests the chamber opened to the SE - directly towards the Llanberis Pass and Snowdon - perhaps this is deliberate. (Smith, 2003)

Sources :
Crew, P. , 1981 , Burial Chamber, Ty Newydd , Archaeology in Wales : Vol. 21 : p. 20
Smith, G. , 2003 , Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Monument Survey: West Gwynedd and Anglesey ( © GAT)
Smith, G., and Steele, N. , 2005 , Pan-Wales Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Sites Survey: Trial Data Synthesis ( © GAT)
The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales , 1937 , An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Anglesey
Phillips, C. W. , 1936 , Archaeologia Cambrensis , <6>
Ordnance Survey , 1970 , SH37SW 1 , <2>
Phillips, C. W. , 1975 , Archaeological Journal , <3>
Clarke, D. L. , 1970 , Beaker Pottery Great Britain & Ireland , <4>
Skinner, J. , 1908 , Archaeologia Cambrensis , <7>
Lynch, F. , 1969 , The Megalithic Tombs of North Wales , <10>
Lynch, F. , 1970 , Prehistoric Anglesey , <11>
Baynes, E. N. , 1911 , Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion , <12>
Longley, D. & Yates, M. , 2001 , Anglesey: A Guide to Ancient Monuments on the Isle of Anglesey , <13>

Events :
42662 : An Examination of Chambered Tombs: Ty Newydd (year : 1935)
40526 : Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Monument Survey: West Gwynedd/Anglesey (year : 2003)
40527 : Pan-wales Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Sites Survey: Trial Data Synthesis (year : 2005)

Related PRNs : 93834

Compiled date : 07-04-1987

The above data are supplied by GAT in partnership with its Local Authorities (Anglesey, Conwy and Gwynedd County Councils, and Snowdonia National Park Authority), © GAT 2019 (and in part © Crown, 2019 - as indicated)
This information is supplied for the purposes of personal interest only and may not be used as part of a commercial project.

March 26, 2019, 10:19 pm - HTML file produced from Gwynedd Archaeological Trust Regional HER
Gwynedd Archaeological Trust, Craig Beuno, Garth Road, Bangor, Gwynedd.  LL57 2RT
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