Gwynedd Archaeological Trust
Regional Historic Environment Record

Settlement, N of Cwm Ffrydlas

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 284
Trust : Gwynedd
Community : Llanllechid
Unitary authority : Gwynedd
NGR : SH64376841
Site Type (preferred type first) : Prehistoric SETTLEMENT
Status : Scheduled Monument

Description :
Dispersed huts and enclosures, on the N side of Cwm Ffrydlas at 1450ft above OD. The settlement consists of nine huts and five cairns or field-clearance mounds, lying among a system of enclosures. The huts are roughly circular, the walls made up of stones piled roughly together. The cairns are circular and range from 11 to 30ft in diameter; the largest two, show traces of stone kerbs. The enclosures are cleared of stones and are defined by low walls of piled boulders, about 3ft thick. On the lower SW side they show slight lynchetting. Cleared ground on the N of the settlement suggests that the enclosures were once of greater extent though field walls do not remain in this area. On the lower (SW) side blanket peat seems to have encroached on the settlement which may therefore have extended further in that direction. <1>

Class II (a), date uncertain. <2>

The enclosures, three hut circles and two field clearance heaps are all that can now identified of the settlement site at SH64356842. The enclosure walls are constructed of loose piled boulders 1.2m wide and up to 0.4m high. All other features are generally as described in <1>. Surveyed at 1:10560. <3>

Since many of cairns are placed at edges of enclosures, they may only represent field clearings... well developed system of irregular lynchetted plots. <4>

Sources :
Waddington, K. , 2010 , Early Celtic Societies in North Wales
Waddington, K. , 2013 , The Settlements of Northwest Wales: From the Late Bronze Age to the Early Medieval Period
Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments , 1956 , Caernarvonshire 1 , <1>
Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments , 1964 , Caernarvonshire 3 , <2>
Ordnance Survey , 1969 , SH66NW 13 , <3>
Smith, G. , 1998 , Hut Circle Settlement Survey , <5>
, 1950 , Archaeologia Cambrensis , <4>
Johnson, N. , 1981 , The Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies , <6>

Events :
40782 : Hut Circle Settlement Survey (year : 1998)
44557 : Early Celtic Societies in North Wales (year : 2010)

Related PRNs : 95411

Compiled date : 23-07-1987


The above data are supplied by GAT in partnership with its Local Authorities (Anglesey, Conwy and Gwynedd County Councils, and Snowdonia National Park Authority), © GAT 2019 (and in part © Crown, 2019 - as indicated)
This information is supplied for the purposes of personal interest only and may not be used as part of a commercial project.

March 23, 2019, 6:11 am - HTML file produced from Gwynedd Archaeological Trust Regional HER
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