Dyfed Archaeological Trust Historic Environment
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BRONGWYN PARISH CHURCH;ST MARY'SPrimary Reference Number (PRN) : 5230
Trust : Dyfed
Community : Beulah
Unitary authority : Ceredigion
NGR : SN28754367
Site Type (preferred type first) : Medieval Church / POST MEDIEVAL Church
Parish church, probably medieval, formerly a chapelry to Penbryn parish and not listed in the `Taxatio' of 1291. It was primarily single-celled, small, comprising a chancel/nave, without structural division, possibly late medieval or early post-medieval. Heavily restored during the 19th century (with the separate PRN 17334); west porch/vestry is later 20th century. The church is dedicated to the Latin St Mary but may have been a Welsh foundation, Ceredigion remaining in Welsh hands during most of the 12th and 13th centuries. The site is shown only as a possible medieval chapel on Rees' 1932 map. However, it was formerly known as `Betws Ithel' - there is no hagiographical record of a St Ithel, suggesting that it may have been the `chapel of the sons of Ithael' that was granted to Talley Abbey in c.1200; however, there is a possibility that the reference may relate to Llanannerch Chapel, PRNs 8060 & 49321. The church is shown on Saxton's map of 1578. The rectangular churchyard is post-medieval in its present form. The `betws' place-name element is thought to be post-Conquest. NDL 2004
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