Dyfed Archaeological Trust Historic Environment Record

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CLEGYR BOIA

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 2655
Trust : Dyfed
Community : St Davids and the Cathedral Close
Unitary authority : Pembrokeshire
NGR : SM73732509
Site Type (preferred type first) : Iron Age?;early Medieval? Defended Enclosure / Early Medieval Enclosed Settlement
Status : Scheduled Monument

Summary :
Clegyr Boia is a small defended enclosure occupying the summit of a rocky outcrop that rises 10m-20m above the surrounding plateau of the St David's Peninsula. The outcrop summit has a slightly dished interior around which lies the rampart. The rampart itself rises c. 0.6m above the interior and varies in width between 2.7m and 4.6m. It is made up of stone rubble and earth revetted with stone blocks. It encloses a roughly rectangular area approximately 85m SW-NE and 22m SE-NW. Excavation in 1952 by Williams showed the entrance at the easily approachable southwest end to consist of a pair of flanking walls 6.1m long leading to a pair of opposed elliptical embrasures (guard chambers?) each of which has a post-hole at each end. Charcoal associated with the entrance returned calibrated radiocarbon dates of 760-380 BC and 350BC-AD400. Williams' excavations and those of Baring Gould in 1903 revealed artefacts of Neolithic date as well as circular and rectangular structures - it is these remains that Clegyr Boia is most celebrated, rather than the later prehistoric enclosure.

The whole site is now under tussocky grass and is difficult to make out. It survives in good condition. Old quarry pits around the periphery of the site do not seem to have damaged the enclosure itself.

K Murphy 1 September 2006 - compiled from several sources.


Sources :
, 2655.pdf ( © DAT)
K Murphy, R Ramsey, P Poucher and M Page , 2007 , A SURVEY OF DEFENDED ENCLOSURES IN PEMBROKESHIRE, 2006-07: GAZETTEER OF ORDNANCE SURVEY GRID SQUARES SM72 & SM82
Vyner, B , 2001 , Clegyr Boia: a potential Neolithic enclosure and associated monuments on the St Davids's peninsula, southwest Wales
, 1938 , Archaeologia Cambrensis ,
, 1987 , Planning application ,
Anderson,R , 1987 , Clegyr Boia Farm ,
Baring-Gould,S , 1903 , Archaeologia Cambrensis ,
CADW , 1990 , AM107 ,
CADW , 1997 , AM107 ,
Crossley,DW , 1963 , Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies ,
DAT , 1989 , CR ,
Downman,EA , 1910-3 ,
Fenton,R , 1811 , Historical Tour Through Pembrokeshire ,
Fleure,HJ , 1923 , Archaeologia Cambrensis ,
James,H , 1987 , Clegyr Boia Farm Dwelling ,
Jones & Freeman , 1856 , Hist.& Ants of St Davids ,
Laws & Owen , 1908 , Pembrokeshire Archaeological Survey ,
Laws,E , 1888 , Little England Beyond Wales ,
MOW , 1961 , AMs England & Wales ,
Many , 1989 , P.A. Repair and Storage,Clegyr Boia, St. Davids ,
Morris,J , 1977 , The Age of Arthur ,
Murphy,K , 2004 , Assessment of Prehistoric Defended Enclosures 2004-5, Report No 2004-100 ,
Nash-Williams,VE , 1933 , Archaeologia Cambrensis ,
OS , 1908 , 1,2500 ,
OS , 1973 ,
PCM , 1980 , Card Index ,
RAF , 1946 ,
RAI , 1962 , Archaeology Journal ,
RCAHM , 1925 , Pembrokeshire ,
Rees,SE , 1981 , Pembrokeshire SAMs ,
Rigg , 1977 , Pembrokeshire Enclosure lists ,
Savory,HN , 1946 , Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies ,
Vymer,B , 2001 , Clegyr Boia, a Neolithic enclosure and asociated monuments on the St David's peninsula ,
Vyner B , 1989 , Proposal for Excavation ,
Vyner,B , 1991 , Clegyr Boia,St.Davids,Dyfed - Progress report on archaeological survey 1989-1990 ,
Williams,A , 1953 , Archaeologia Cambrensis ,

Events :
67185 : CLEGYR BOIA, PARTIAL EXCAVATION, 1943 (year : 1943)
85979 : CLEGYR BOIA, PARTIAL EXCAVATION, 1902 (year : 1902)
90061 : CLEGYR BOIA, FIELD OBSERVATION, 1973 (year : 1973)
91550 : CLEGYR BOIA, FIELD OBSERVATION, 1981 (year : 1981)
92357 : CLEGYR BOIA, FIELD OBSERVATION, 1996 (year : 1996)
56594 : PREHISTORIC DEFENDED ENCLOSURES: PEMBROKESHIRE (year : 2007)

Related PRNs : 52108

Compiled date : 01-01-1950


Images :



November 13, 2018, 4:33 am - Html file produced from the Regional Historic Environment Record:
Dyfed Archaeological Trust, The Shire Hall, 8 Carmarthen Street, Llandeilo
Carmarthenshire. SA19 6AF
Tel: 01558 823131, Fax: 01558 823133
Email: info@dyfedarchaeology.org.uk Website:www.dyfedarchaeology.org.uk
Archaeological data, from the Historic Environment Record, supplied by The Dyfed Archaeological Trust in partnership with Local Authorities, Cadw and the partners of ENDEX © DAT, 2018 (and in part © Crown, 2018).