Dyfed Archaeological Trust Historic Environment Record

Use of this information is subject to the terms and conditions of access to Welsh HER data published on DAT's website
www.dyfedarchaeology.org.uk
This information is supplied for the purposes of personal interest only and may not be used as part of a commercial project.

Please contact the HER if you have any further questions regarding this information, if you would like any of the sources followed up or if you have information that could improve the record in any way. Primary Reference Numbers (PRNs) should be quoted in any correspondence.
 

BEDD YR AFANC

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 1032
Trust : Dyfed
Community : Eglwyswrw
Unitary authority : Pembrokeshire
NGR : SN1079934593
Site Type (preferred type first) : Neolithic Chambered Tomb
Status : Scheduled Monument

Summary :
A chambered tomb situated on open moorland with short grass cover. The chamber lies within a low grassy mound 15m long, 10m wide and circa 50cm high. The passage is 10m long and 1m wide between two rows of small stones ranging from 30 to 50 cm above ground level. The chamber is circular with approx. seven boulders around it, delimiting an area circa 2m by 1.8m. The arrangement of the passage and chamber form a 'P' shape, common amongst passage graves in Brittany. The site is stable. There appears to be little animal treading/ erosion occurring now. The passage leading to the chamber is aligned east-west, and opens to the east where it would be aligned on the midsummer sunrise. The site was excavated by Grimes in 1939, who suggested that the site may be a gallery grave which was once covered by a cairn. As such it is the only known gallery grave in Wales. Some cairn material survives today. The site is unusual in that it doesn't automatically have the appearance of a chambered tomb, probably due to the lack of perceivable height in the chamber and the absence of a capstone. However, it is possible that the chamber may have had a corbelled roof. It is highly unlikely that this site is a stone row, as suggested by Cummings. N. Cook PFRS 2004


Sources :
Cook, N , 2004 , Prehistoric Funerary & Ritual Sites Project Pembrokeshire 2003-2004 ( © DAT)
Darvill,T & Wainwright,G , 2011 , Among tombs and stone circles on Preseli
Hall, J and Sambrook, P , 2009 , CRYMYCH HUB HERITAGE AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AUDIT: PART E EGLWYSWRW COMMUNITY REPORT
Prof. W. F. Grimes , PAPERS, NOTEBOOKS, PHOTOGRAPHS AND FINDS RELATING TO MOSTLY WELSH SITES
Williams,GH , 1032.pdf ( © DAT)
, 1922 , Archaeologia Cambrensis ,
, 1936 , Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society ,
Cook,N , 2004 , Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Sites Project - Pembrokeshire 2003-2004 ,
DAT , 1985 , SMR ,
DAT , 1985 , SMR ,
DAT , 1989 , CR ,
Daniel,GE , 1950 , Prehistoric Chamber Tombs ,
Griffiths,WE , BA Finds,Pemb ,
Grimes,WF , 1936 , Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society ,
Grimes,WF , 1936 , S.Wales Long Barrows & Megaliths ,
Grimes,WF , 1939 , Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society ,
Hunter,R , 1974 , Meg.Tombs of S.W.Wales ,
Hunter,R , 197? , Card Index ,
Laws & Owen , 1908 , Pembrokeshire Archaeological Survey ,
Laws,E , 1888 , Little England Beyond Wales ,
Lynch,F , 1972 , Prehistoric Man in Wales & the West ,
MOW , 1965 , AMs England & Wales ,
Meridian Airmaps , 1955 ,
Ordnance Survey , 1966 ,
PCM , 1980 , Card Index ,
RCAHM , 1925 , Pemb ,
RCAHM , 1925 , Pemb ,
Rees,SE , 1981 , Pemb SAMs ,
Rees,SE , 1981 , Pemb.SAMs ,
Williams,GH , 196? ,

Events :
65680 : BEDD YR AFANC, PARTIAL EXCAVATION, 1936 (year : 1936)
84979 : BEDD YR AFANC, FIELD OBSERVATION, 1966 (year : 1966)
89437 : BEDD YR AFANC, FIELD OBSERVATION, 1981 (year : 1981)
91122 : BEDD YR AFANC, FIELD OBSERVATION, 1985 (year : 1985)
92089 : BEDD YR AFANC, FIELD OBSERVATION, 2004 (year : 2004)

Related PRNs : 11505, 48095

Compiled date : 01-01-1950


Images :



March 23, 2019, 8:35 pm - Html file produced from the Regional Historic Environment Record:
Dyfed Archaeological Trust, The Shire Hall, 8 Carmarthen Street, Llandeilo
Carmarthenshire. SA19 6AF
Tel: 01558 823131, Fax: 01558 823133
Email: info@dyfedarchaeology.org.uk Website:www.dyfedarchaeology.org.uk
Archaeological data, from the Historic Environment Record, supplied by The Dyfed Archaeological Trust in partnership with Local Authorities, Cadw and the partners of ENDEX © DAT, 2019 (and in part © Crown, 2019).