CPAT Regional Historic Environment Record
The following information is from the on-line database 'Archwilio'.
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Hay-on-Wye castle, masonry phases

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 440
Trust : Clwyd Powys
Community : Hay
Unitary authority : Powys
NGR : SO2292642334
Site Type (preferred type first) : Medieval Masonry castle
Status : listed building I, scheduled monument

Description :
Early records to the castle probably refer to the motte near the church (PRN 439) which was abandoned when the castle was built.

Thought to have been built around 1200. Rebuilt in 1231, suffered extensive damage in 1265 and again in 1460. It consists of a strong ringwork, a square keep and curtain wall, now much altered. A late 12th century gate with portcullis grooves and a medieval door still survive. The keep is incorporated into a later tower.

The castle mound is c.110 metres east-west by 100 metres north-south, damaged on the west by modern buildings and encircled by a modern retaining wall. Adjoining the tower to the west is a large late Tudor mansion which was badly damaged by fire in 1939.

Listed building.

(Silvester, R J & Dorling, P J 1993, 30).

Scheduled (Cadw 2002)

16th and 17th dates recovered by dendrochronology (Oxford Tree-Ring Lab, 2011).

In three of five test pits dug in an evaluation in 2016, (TPs 3, 4 and 11), substantial masonry structural remains were recorded. In TPs 4 and 11 these are interpreted as the medieval castle curtain wall. In TP3 remains of very similar construction and character may also be part of the curtain wall or a structure within the castle enclosure. (Dorling, P 2016)

Sources :
Anon , 1963 , title unknown - Hay-on-Wye castle, masonry phases
Border Archaeology , 1999 , Back Fold, 20-21 Castle Street, Hay-0n-Wye, Powys: Archaeological Evaluation and Desk Top Survey
Brecon Beacons National Park , 1995 , BBNP Archive - Hay Castle
Cadw , 1988 , Powys: List No. 30 Hay On Wye Resurvey B
Cadw , 1989 , Cadw Field Monument Wardens Report - Br076(POW)
Cadw , 1990 , Scheduling map - Br076(POW) ( © CPAT)
Cadw , 2000 , Database of Listed Buildings in Wales
Cadw , 2002 , Cadw Field Monument Wardens Report - Br076(POW)
Cadw , 2002 , CPAT Threat Archive - Hay-on-Wye castle, masonry phases
Cadw , 2003 , CPAT Threat Archive - Hay-on-Wye castle, masonry phases
Cadw , 2004 , CPAT Threat Archive - Hay-on-Wye castle, masonry phases
Cadw , 2016 , Database of Listed Buildings in Wales ( © CPAT)
Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust , 1981 , Site visit record - PRN440
Country Life , 1914 , title unknown - Hay-on-Wye castle, masonry phases
Dorling, Peter , 2016 , An Interim Report on Phase 1 Archaeological Evaluation at Hay Castle, Oxford Road, Hay-on-Wye, Powys ( © )
Haslam, R , 1979 , Buildings of Wales: Powys
King, D J C , 1961 , The castles of Breconshire , Brycheiniog : 7 : 1-90
Ordnance Survey , 1964 , OS map
Ordnance Survey , 1973 , OS record card SO24SW 7
Oxford Tree-Ring Laboratory , 2011 , Dated Buildings Register ( © CPAT)
Silvester, R J & Dorling, P J , 1993 , Historic settlements in the Brecon Beacons National Park ( © CPAT)
Taylor, A J , 1951 , Report of the 98th Annual Meeting held at Brecon 1951 , Archaeologia Cambrensis : 101 : 170-76
The Handley Partnership , 2014ff , HAAbase built heritage assessment system: Buildings at Risk database
Wainwright, J , 2002 , Land Off Gypsy Castle Lane, Hay On Wye, Powys: Report On An Archaeological Watching Brief ( © CPAT)
Welsh Office Ancient Monuments Branch , 1974 , Schedule of Ancient Monuments in Wales
Welsh Office Ancient Monuments Branch , 1980 , Scheduling map - Br076(POW) ( © CPAT)
Welsh Office Ancient Monuments Branch , 1981 , Schedule of Ancient Monuments in Wales

Events :
124889 : Hay-on-Wye, Hay Castle, Scheduled monument consent 2017 (year : 2017)
142236 : Hay-on-Wye Castle, restoration project 2015ff (year : 2015ff)
142762 : Hay-on-Wye Castle, (Phase 1) evaluation 2016 (year : 2016)
142763 : Hay-on-Wye Castle, (Phase 2) evaluation 2016 (year : 2016)

Related PRNs : 32942, 7405_1

Compiled date : 31-12-1981


Images :



Archaeological data, from the Historic Environment Record, supplied by The Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust in partnership with Local Authorities, Cadw and the partners of ENDEX © CPAT, 2018 (and in part © Crown, 2018). It is intended to be used for private research only and is not for use as part of commercial projects. If you wish to use this information for publication in printed or multimedia form or to compile resources for commercial use, prior permission must be obtained in writing. Use of this information is subject to the terms and conditions of access to HER data published on CPAT's website. Please contact the HER if you have any further questions regarding this information. Please quote the Primary Reference Numbers (PRNs) in any correspondence.

November 18, 2018, 4:19 pm - File produced for Archwilio from CPAT's Regional HER.
Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust, Curatorial Section, 41 Broad Street, Welshpool, Powys SY21 7RR.
tel (01938) 553670, fax (01938) 552179, website www.cpat.org.uk

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