CPAT Regional Historic Environment Record The following information is from the
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Hay-on-Wye castle, masonry phases
Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 440 Trust : Clwyd Powys Community : Hay Unitary authority : Powys NGR : SO2292642334 Site Type (preferred type first) : MEDIEVAL MASONRY CASTLE Status : listed building I, scheduled monument
Description : Early records to the castle probably refer to the motte near the church (PRN 439) which was abandoned when the castle was built.
Thought to have been built around 1200. Rebuilt in 1231, suffered extensive damage in 1265 and again in 1460. It consists of a strong ringwork, a square keep and curtain wall, now much altered. A late 12th century gate with portcullis grooves and a medieval door still survive. The keep is incorporated into a later tower.
The castle mound is c.110 metres east-west by 100 metres north-south, damaged on the west by modern buildings and encircled by a modern retaining wall. Adjoining the tower to the west is a large late Tudor mansion which was badly damaged by fire in 1939.
(Silvester, R J & Dorling, P J 1993, 30).
Scheduled (Cadw 2002)
16th and 17th dates recovered by dendrochronology (Oxford Tree-Ring Lab, 2011).
In three of five test pits dug in an evaluation in 2016, (TPs 3, 4 and 11), substantial masonry structural remains were recorded. In TPs 4 and 11 these are interpreted as the medieval castle curtain wall. In TP3 remains of very similar construction and character may also be part of the curtain wall or a structure within the castle enclosure. (Dorling, P 2016)