CPAT Regional Historic Environment Record The following information is from the
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Ffynnon Beuno Cave
Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 102158 Trust : Clwyd Powys Community : Tremeirchion Unitary authority : Denbighshire NGR : SJ0853272414 Site Type (preferred type first) : PALAEOLITHIC CAVE OCCUPATION Status : scheduled monument
Description : Cave complex excavated in 1885 (Prn 39975) consisted of a number of chambers and tunnels. Occupational evidence included Aurignacian and proto-Solutrean flintwork plus Pleistocene fauna.
Located high on N side of the ravine. As in description above. (CCC, 1982)
No change since 1982. (CCC, 1988)
Scheduling revised 22/8/90.
NMGW collection holds: replicas of 6 tools and two original flakes, all Upper Palaeolithic. Originals in Natural History Museum, London (Figgis 1999, 110). (CPAT Lithics, 2001)
A detailed description of the work and finds is given by Davies (1949, 333-8).
Ebbs locates this cave more accurately; his website provides further information, as follows: Cave length, 38m. A 2m diameter short entrance passage leads to a rift running off to left and right. At this junction is a 3m wide chamber where a 7m shaft opens to the surface. A smaller passage on the left (when entering the chamber) leads back to the surface. Finds include mammoth bone C14 dated to 18,000 +/-1,300 years BP. This cave has recently been partially excavated and studied by Rob Dinnis and Chantal Conneller, the excavations taking place within the cave and just outside its entrance. (https://sites.google.com/site/cavesofnortheastwales, accessed December 2014)
Ffynnon Beuno Cave is currently being excavated by Rob Dinnis (British Museum) and Chantal Conneller (Manchester University) who hope to return each summer season. They have carried out laser surveying of the cave and excavated three small trial pits within the cave, and six outside the entrance to identify the extent of 1880s' waste tips. Undisturbed deposits have been found in one of these pits near the junction of the side passage with the chamber. The latest information, following recent work, is that the two caves have been confirmed as containing artefacts associated with groups of both the last northern European Neanderthals immediately prior to their extinction (42,000 - 40,000 BP) and the first Homo sapiens to occupy Europe (37,000 - 36,000 BP): Hence one of only three such sites known to exist in Britain containing archaeological material from both periods, and the most northerly. The cave is therefore of international significance. Excavation carried out in 2011 (and 2012) has identified that the 1880s' waste tips contain significant archaeological material amongst which were found remains of woolly rhino, mammoth and hyaena (65,000 - 10,000BP). (Conneller and Dinnis, 2012). (MB 15/12/14) (Hankinson, 2015)