CPAT Regional Historic Environment Record
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Llangar Church (All Saints)

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 100815
Trust : Clwyd Powys
Community : Cynwyd
Unitary authority : Denbighshire
NGR : SJ0635542452
Site Type (preferred type first) : MEDIEVAL CHURCH
Status : state care , listed building B, listed building A, scheduled monument

Description :
Old parish church of Llangar replaced in 19th century by a new church. The old church said to date to 13th century or earlier, however excavation by Shoesmith failed to reveal anything earlier than 15th century. Many burials found in nave. S M 93.

The porch has date of 1702 on collar-beam truss but this probably dates the replacement of the roof only. A faint date of 1684 can be seen on the plaster above th doorway. The pulpit dates from around c1700. At the east end of the north wall a blocked doorway may be the remains of a storage area for churchplate. The roof has been modified on more than one occasion with the possibility of reuse of timber from another building. (NMR)

Late 14th or 15th century wall paintings depict seven deadly sins. Painted in red oxide. Boar=? gluttony; Lion=? Pride/Anger; set in rectangular brown frames. Traces of frames below may have enclosed seven mercies. Centre of north wall is wall and towered city - perhaps heavenly city of the temple of Jerusalem. On east side of wall, painting of Lord's Prayer. On left of wall, post-reformation painting of death. Small door below balcony has what may be a St Christopher (Edwards I 1993, 23.5).

The church was formerly used for Anglican worship and is maintained by Cadw. It is an excellent example of a fairly remote and rustic parish church interior, remodelled in the early 18th century. Here the emphasis is on the pulpit rather than the altar. The pulpit was half way down one of the long walls with the seats facing even if they face away from the altar, like a Nonconformist chapel (Yates, W N, 1993)

The first full description of the church dates from a 1730 survey. The church then measured 60 by 15 feet and had been newly plastered outside but not inside. It underwent substantial alteration in 1732. In 1854 it was said to be in a very dilapidated condition and became disused not long afterwards when a new parish church was built at Cynwyd. Restoration work began in 1974 and much of the interior of the church was excavated and the surviving architectural features were surveyed. The wall paintings have been conserved and this was completed in 1991. Medieval remains include the wall paintings that survive on most of the walls, the earliest probably 14th century, the easternmost roof trusses and the window opening at the east end of the south wall. There is ancient graffiti dating to the 17th century, as does the porch, the main window in the south wall, the east window and an earlier two-light version of the north window. In the late 17th century the western end of the church was rebuilt, the two subsequently blocked windows west of the north door and the doorway itself were probably also inserted at this time. The west wall seems to have been rebuilt again in the early 18th century and the porch reroofed. A coved plaster ceiling was added in the 18th century and partitioning diving up the gallery and area beneath it was added in the 19th century. These were removed during conservation and not replaced (Yates, W N, 1993)

The interior contains important wall paintings from the 14th to late 18th century, a late Medieval roof and almost complete group of 18th century fittings. There is a canopy of honour and the floor is flagged with rough slabs. The earliest piece of furniture is the font set into the wall of the church near the south door. It is probably late Medieval (Yates, W N, 1993)

-- Next section appended from deleted record: CPAT100815 -- Grade B listed church

Sources :
Anon , 1958 , title unknown - Llangar Church (All Saints)
Brown, R L , 1998 , Pews, Benches and Seats (being a history of the church pew in Wales)
Burnham, H , 1995 , A Guide to Ancient and Historic Wales: Clwyd and Powys
Cadw , 1995 , Cadw Field Monument Wardens Report - Me093(DEN)
Cadw , 2000 , Database of Listed Buildings in Wales
Cadw , 2016 , Database of Listed Buildings in Wales ( © CPAT)
Edwards, I , 1993 , Medieval Wall Paintings In Clwyd Churches , Denbighshire Historical Society Transactions : 42 : 11-25
Glynne, S R , 1885 , Notes on the older churches in the four Welsh dioceses , Archaeologia Cambrensis : 2 : 34-48,120-4
National Monuments Record of Wales , 1977 , NMR index
Ordnance Survey , 1974 , OS record card SJ 04 NE 8
Ordnance Survey , 1976 , OS record card SJ 04 SE 8
Shoesmith, R , 1974 , title unknown - Llangar Church (All Saints)
The Handley Partnership , 2014ff , HAAbase built heritage assessment system: Buildings at Risk database
Williams, B.W (Ruthin) , 1979 , Site of All Saints Church, Llangar in Edeyrnion , Clwyd Historian : No.5 : 25

Events :

Related PRNs : 16864, 704_1

Compiled date : 31-12-1982

Images :

Archaeological data, from the Historic Environment Record, supplied by The Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust in partnership with Local Authorities, Cadw and the partners of ENDEX © CPAT, 2019 (and in part © Crown, 2019). It is intended to be used for private research only and is not for use as part of commercial projects. If you wish to use this information for publication in printed or multimedia form or to compile resources for commercial use, prior permission must be obtained in writing. Use of this information is subject to the terms and conditions of access to HER data published on CPAT's website. Please contact the HER if you have any further questions regarding this information. Please quote the Primary Reference Numbers (PRNs) in any correspondence.

March 23, 2019, 8:31 pm - File produced for Archwilio from CPAT's Regional HER.
Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust, Curatorial Section, 41 Broad Street, Welshpool, Powys SY21 7RR.
tel (01938) 553670, fax (01938) 552179, website

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