CPAT Regional Historic Environment Record
The following information is from the on-line database 'Archwilio'.
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Burfa Bank Hillfort

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 312
Trust : Clwyd Powys
Community : Old Radnor
Unitary authority : Powys
NGR : SO2843061010
Site Type (preferred type first) : IRON AGE HILLFORT
Status : scheduled monument

Description :
Multivallate contour fort. Oblique barbican entrance on north-west. Roman pottery ploughed from interior.

About 20 acres enclosed. Seems to have had secondary as well as primary defences. Area now thickly forested so difficult to understand ramparts (Gregory, D, 1994, 16).

Banks covered with turf and scrub and trees planted in interior. Defences on the south side consist of a bank between 0.75-1.5m high with an exterior ditch c.0.9m deep. On the north side there are 2 banks rising to a height of c.3.5m with a exterior ditch 6m below the level of the bank (Cadw, 1998).

Interior of hillfort now being managed as open space. Trees have been felled and there are no plans to replant (DC, 1999).

Burfa Bank is an elongated hillfort, following the contours, which primarily consists of a single
bank with an external ditch that shows only as a terrace in some places, and an external,
counterscarp bank on the north. However, at the western end there are two banks with an external counterscarp bank. The entrance at the north-west appears on plan to be an overlapping with a funnelled approach between two banks.
In size we calculate it to be about 5.9 ha. It is said to be about 700m long from east to west and 230m from north to south at its east end. The defences on the south side consist of a bank between o.75-1.5m high with an exterior ditch about 0.9m deep. On the north side the two banks rising to a height of c.3.5m with a external ditch, 6m below the level of the bank, this presumably being the inner line of defence (Defended Enclosures in Radnorshire Project, CPAT, 2006).

Sources :
Cadw , 1986 , Scheduling map - Rd013(POW)
Cadw , 1998 , Cadw Field Monument Wardens Report - Rd013(POW)
Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust , 1979 , Site visit record - PRN312
Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust , 1999 , CPAT Threat Archive - Burfa Bank Hillfort
Downman, E A , 1895 , Survey Burfa Bank Hillfort
Downman, E A , 1916 , Ancient Earthworks in Radnorshire
Forde-Johnston, J , 1976 , Hillforts of the Iron Age in England and Wales
Gibson, A , 1999 , The Walton Basin, Powys, Wales. Survey at the Hindwell Neolithic Enclosure
Gregory, D , 1994 , Radnorshire: A Historical Guide
Hogg, A H A , 1979 , British Hillforts: an index
Jones, N W , 2013 , Walton Basin Project 2012-13: Archaeological Conservation in Rural Environments (ACRE) ( © CPAT)
Nash-Williams, V E , 1933 , An early Iron Age hillfort at Llanmelin, near Caerwent, Monmouthshire , Archaeologia Cambrensis : 88 : 237-340
Ordnance Survey , 1961 , title unknown - Burfa Bank Hillfort
Ordnance Survey , 1961 , OS record card SO26SE 26
Ordnance Survey , 1978 , OS record card SO26SE 6
Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales , 1913 , Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Wales and Monmouth III - County of Radnor
Savory, H N , 1954 , title unknown - Cwm Cefn y Gaer Hillfort , The Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies : 15 : 74,307
Silvester, R J & Hankinson, R , 2005 , Defended Enclosures In Radnorshire ( © CPAT)
Silvester, R J & Hankinson, R , 2006 , Defended Enclosures in Radnorshire, Project Report ( © CPAT)
Simpson, G , 1964 , Dinorben
Thomas, D & Earwood, C , 1996 , Forest Enterprise Archaeological Survey 1996 ( © CPAT)
Welsh Office Ancient Monuments Branch , 1974 , Schedule of Ancient Monuments in Wales
Welsh Office Ancient Monuments Branch , 1980 , Scheduling map - Rd013(POW)
Welsh Office Ancient Monuments Branch , 1981 , Schedule of Ancient Monuments in Wales
Williams, J , 1905 , A General History of the County of Radnor

Events :
115438 : Defended Enclosures in Radnorshire, assessment project 2006 (year : 2006)

Related PRNs :

Compiled date : 31-12-1981

Images :

Archaeological data, from the Historic Environment Record, supplied by The Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust in partnership with Local Authorities, Cadw and the partners of ENDEX © CPAT, 2019 (and in part © Crown, 2019). It is intended to be used for private research only and is not for use as part of commercial projects. If you wish to use this information for publication in printed or multimedia form or to compile resources for commercial use, prior permission must be obtained in writing. Use of this information is subject to the terms and conditions of access to HER data published on CPAT's website. Please contact the HER if you have any further questions regarding this information. Please quote the Primary Reference Numbers (PRNs) in any correspondence.

March 23, 2019, 6:12 am - File produced for Archwilio from CPAT's Regional HER.
Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust, Curatorial Section, 41 Broad Street, Welshpool, Powys SY21 7RR.
tel (01938) 553670, fax (01938) 552179, website

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